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REF 2021

REF 2021 results

Pioneering research recognised internationally

REF 2021 follows REF 2014, and is the most recent UK-wide assessment of research excellence. The results for this REF assessment were published on 12 May 2022. 

REF 2021 classified 86 per cent of the 鶹Ƶ's outputs as internationally renowned, and a further 12 per cent as world-leading – the strongest mark set by the assessment.

Nearly twice as many of our academic staff contributed to REF 2021 as did to the assessment in 2014, and those areas which were entered into both REF assessments had progressed as a whole.

Among our strongest results were:

  • Sport – which was deemed 73 per cent internationally excellent or world-leading
  • English and Creative Writing – judged 68 per cent internationally excellent or world-leading
  • History – measured at 66 per cent internationally excellent or world-leading

157 British universities participated in REF 2021.

Find out more about the innovative research undertaken at the 鶹Ƶ and . Otherwise .

The 鶹Ƶ's Code of Practice for this submission can be viewed at the link below.

Data Collection Statements

Find out what data we collect and how we use it as part of REF.

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